BACKGROUND OF VIETNAM
Vietnam's early history comprises of periods of occupation by outside forces and eventual power consolidation under Vietnamese dynastic families. Ancient Vietnam was centered on the Red River Valley and was ruled by a succession of Han Chinese emperors until approximately the 10th century. The Ly Dynasty (11th-13th century) ruled the first independent Vietnamese state, which was known as Dai Viet, and established their capital at Thang Long (Hanoi). Under the Tran Dynasty (13th-15th century), Dai Viet forces led by one of Vietnam’s national heroes, TRAN Hang Dao, fought off Mongol invaders in 1279. Following a brief Chinese occupation in the early 1400s, the leader of Vietnamese resistance, LE Thai To, made himself emperor and established the Le Dynasty, which lasted until the late 18th century, although not without decades of political turmoil, civil war, and division. During this period, Dai Viet expanded southward to the Central Highlands and Mekong Delta, reaching the approximate boundaries of modern-day Vietnam by the 1750s. Dai Viet suffered additional civil war and division in the latter half of the 18th century, but was reunited and renamed Vietnam under Emperor NGUYEN Phuc Anh (aka Gia Long) in 1802.
The Nguyen Dynasty would be the last Vietnamese dynasty before the conquest by France, which began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. Vietnam became part of French Indochina in 1887. It declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South. Fighting erupted between the two governments shortly afterwards with the North supporting communist rebels in the South and eventually committing thousands of combat troops, while the US provided large amounts of economic and military assistance, including combat forces, to the South. The US military presence reached a peak strength of over 500,000 troops in 1968. US forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under communist rule. The conflict, known as the Second Indochina War (1955-1975), devastated the country, spilled over into the neighboring countries of Cambodia and Laos, and is estimated to have resulted in the deaths of up to 3 million Vietnamese civilians and soldiers. Despite the return of peace, for over a decade the country experienced little economic growth because of its diplomatic isolation, its conservative leadership policies, and the persecution and mass exodus of individuals, many of them successful South Vietnamese merchants. However, since the enactment of Vietnam's "doi moi" (renovation) policy in 1986, Vietnamese authorities have committed to increased economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. Since implementation, the economy has seen strong growth, particularly in agricultural and industrial production, construction, exports, and foreign investment. Increased tourism has also become a key component of economic growth. Nevertheless, the Communist Party maintains tight political and social control of the country, and Vietnam faces considerable challenges including rising income inequality, corruption, inadequate social welfare, and a poor human rights record.
Since withdrawing its military occupation forces from Cambodia in the late 1980s and the end of Soviet aid by 1991, Vietnam has practiced a non-aligned foreign policy that emphasizes friendly ties with all members of the international community. Relatedly, Vietnam adheres to a security doctrine called the "Four Nos" (no alliances, no siding with one country against another, no foreign bases, and no using force in international relations). Despite longstanding tensions with Beijing regarding its expansive claims that overlap with Hanoi's own claimed maritime boundaries in the South China Sea, Vietnam puts a priority on stable relations with China, given its proximity, size, and status as Vietnam's largest trading partner.
DA NANG OR DANAG
Is a class-1 municipality and the fifth-largest city in Vietnam by municipal population. It lies on the coast of the East Sea of Vietnam at the mouth of the Han River, and is one of Vietnam's most important port cities. As one of the country's five direct-controlled municipalities, it falls under the administration of the central government.
The city was known as Cua Han during early Dai Viet settlement, and as Tourane or Turon during French colonial rule. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam - Da Nang Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from Quang Nam Province to become one of four centrally controlled municipalities in Vietnam. Da Nang is designated as a first class city, and has a higher urbanization ratio than any of Vietnam's other provinces or centrally governed cities.Da Nang is the commercial and educational center of Central Vietnam and is the largest city in the region.
DAY 1: ARRIVAL DA NANG - HUE (LUNCH/DINNER) MORNING FLIGHT
Arrive at Da Nang airport, meet your driver for an airport transfer. Lunch at local restaurant. Transfer to Hue. Upon arrival Hue, have boat trip on the romantic Perfume River – with an opportunity to view some of the country’s most iconic sites and visit Hue’s best-known religious site, Thien Mu Pagoda. Dinner at local restaurant and Overnight at hotel in Hue.
DAY 2: HUE - DA NANG (BREAKFAST/LUNCH/DINNER)
After breakfast at hotel, we will start a day by visiting the Imperial Citadel, one of Vietnam’s seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Imperial City of Hue, which has long been a must-see attraction for tourists visiting a hidden charm of Vietnam, was actually a walled fortress and palace belonged to the ancient capital city of the Nguyen Dynasty for 140 years date back from 1805 until 1945. Then we will visit Tu Duc’s Tomb, one of the most beautiful works of the Nguyen dynasty, with romantic scenery of mounts and lakes. Built decades before its occupant’s death, the tomb was used as a palace retreat before its final use as the emperor’s resting place.Shopping tour on Dong Ba Market. Lunch at local restaurant. Transfer to Da Nang. We continue to see the wonder full sightseeing: Rong Bridge, Han River Bridge, Lover Bridge, Da Nang Cathedral Church, Linh Ung pagoda, Son Tra. Free time at leisure or swimming at My Khe Beach – one of the most beautiful beaches in the world. Dinner at local restaurant and Overnight at hotel in Da Nang
DAY 3: DA NANG - BA NA HILLS + GOLDEN BRIDGE - HOI AN (BREAKFAST/LUNCH/DINNER)
After breakfast, transfer to Ba Na Hills. Take a cable car trip to Ba Na Hills Resort, enjoy the natural green forest and Dream Stream, Rainbow Waterfall from above, The Old Villas of French, Flower Garden Le Jardin D’amour. You should not miss walking on the Golden Bridge amid the foggy hills of the mountain, enjoy the gorgeous view of Da Nang City.…. Lunch at local restaurant. Free for joining games in Fantasy Park with series of interesting games: 4 – 5D film, skiver, the death race, dinosaur park… (free games but except wax showroom, teddy picker game and skill games ). Transfer to Hoi An. Dinner at local restaurant and Overnight at hotel in Hoi An
DAY 4: COCONUT VILLAGE - HOI AN (BREAKFAST/LUNCH/DINNER )
After breakfast, Pick up the guest at hotel transfer to Cam Thanh Village. Arrival Cam Thanh Village. Pick up THUNG CHAI- BASKET BOAT/ROUND BOAT to go around the coconut forest. Take photo and relax. Go back land and join in some some traditional Viet Nam games. Lunch at local restaurant. Afternoon visit Hoi An City – Known as Faifo to early Western trades. During a guided walking tour through the history city center of Hoi An town, we visit the Chinese Assembly Hall and Temple, Ancient Houses, Japanese Bridge and cultural show rooms: Quan Thang House. Dinner at local restaurant. Overnight at hotel in Hoi An
DAY 5: HOI AN - DA NANG - DEPARTURE (BREAKFAST) MORNING FLIGHT
After breakfast, Free at your own leisure or shopping until meeting time for transfer to Da Nang airport for flight departure.
TOUR POLICY & NOTES :
• Infant below 2 years old sharing same room with parents is charged for 10%.
• Child below 6 yrs. old without extra bed and sharing same room with parents is charged for 50%.
• Child below 6 yrs. old sharing same room with 1 Adult is charged for 85%
• Child below 11 yrs. old No extra bed & sharing same room with parents is charged for 75%
• Child below 11 yrs. old with extra bed & sharing same room with parents (Triple room) is charged same as adult
• Child below 11 yrs. old sharing same room with 1 Adult is charged same as adult
• What to bring: Original passport, swimming suites, sun glasses, insect repellent
• Special requests on food (diet, halal or vegetarian food) to be advised before departure
• If entrance fees, petrol for cars, boats…change new price in the future. We will inform you late
• The itinerary may be subject to change due to the bad weather condition
PACKAGES IS NOT APPLIED FOR THE PERIOD AS – SURCHARGE TO BE ADVISED UPON REQUEST.
• Lunar New Year : 02 Feb Jan – 24 Feb 2024
• Reunification Day & Labor Day : 29 Apr 2024 – 02 May 2024
• National Independence Day : 31 Aug 2024 - 03 Sep 2024
• Christmas - New Year : 24 Dec 2024 - 05 Jan 2025
• Fireworks Festival in Da Nang : The festival will be informed later